Periodontal disease can cause many different symptoms, some of which can be difficult to identify when the disease is in its early stages. However, careful monitoring of your mouth and gums can alert you to the need to see your periodontist for an evaluation and treatment.
What Is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease begins when the toxins found in plaque start to attack the soft or gingival tissue surrounding the teeth. This bacterium embeds itself in the gum and rapidly breeds, causing a bacterial infection. As the infection progresses, it starts to cause inflammation or irritation between the teeth and gums.
Signs Of Periodontal Disease
• Bleeding while eating or brushing
• Bad breath
• Loose teeth and gum recession
• Gangrene in the tissues
Diagnosis And Treatment
Before initiating any dental treatment, the periodontist must extensively examine the gums, jawbone and general condition of the teeth. When gingivitis or periodontal disease is officially diagnosed, the periodontist has a number of surgical and non surgical options available to treat the underlying infection, halt the recession of the soft tissue, and restructure or replace teeth which may be missing.
Gingivitis – When the gum pockets exceed 4mm in depth, the periodontist or hygienist may perform scaling and root planing to remove debris from the pockets and allow them to heal. Education will be provided on an effective cleaning regime thereafter.
Moderate Periodontal Disease – If the gum pockets reach 4-6mm in length a more extensive scaling and root planning cleaning might be required.
Advanced Periodontal Disease – Gum pockets in excess of 6-7mm are usually accompanied by bone loss and gum recession. Scaling and root planning will always be performed as the initial nonsurgical treatment. In addition to scaling and root planning, surgical treatment may be recommended.
Tooth Loss – Where one or several teeth are missing due to periodontal disease, dental implants are an effective option. If the bone is strong enough to provide a suitable anchor for the prosthetic tooth, the implant can be placed.
If you have signs of periodontal disease, call Smile Esthetics Scottsdale at (480) 867-1727 today.